FFG - Familias de insectos acuáticos y grupos funcionales de América Latina

Notas 
- La clasificación de los grupos funcionales debe ser a nivel de género o especie. Por ello, esta lista es una ayuda preliminar, lo cual se refleja en el que algunas familias tengan mas de un grupo asignado a ellas. 
- Las palabras “generally” y “some” indican que falta información, pero que esa es la tendencia que se observa. 
- “Unknown” indica que sencillamente no se sabe su función.
- Signos de interrogación (?) indican información dudosa.

Términos:
A=Adult, L=Larvae
CG=Collectors-Gatherers, Ft= Filters, Pr=Predators, Pc=Piercers, Sh=Shredders, Sc=Scrapers

En algunos casos se indica el gremio trófico: Dt=Detritívoros; Hb=Herbívoros. 
Noten que un Sh-Dt es un fragmentador (shredder) que consume detrito de plantas.  En contraste, un Sh-Hb es un fragmentador (shredder) que consume tejido vivo de plantas.  

Cita
Ramírez A & P.E. Gutiérrez-Fonseca (2014). Functional feeding groups of aquatic insect families in Latin America: a critical analysis and review of existing literature. Revista de Biología Tropical. Vol. 62 (Suppl. 2): 153-165. - enlace al pdf -

Last Update - 2 abril 2016

Order

Family

Functional Feeding Group

Reference

Ephemeroptera

 

 

 

Ameletopsidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Baetidae

Generally CG, Baetodes Sc

Baptista et al. (2006); Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Caenidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Coloburiscidae

Ft

Wisely (1961)

 

Coryphoridae

Unknown

 

 

Ephemeridae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ephemerellidae

Generally CG. Some Sc. Few Sh. 1 Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Euthyplociidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Heptageniidae

Generally Sc. Facultative CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Isonychiidae

Ft, Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Leptohyphidae

Generally CG. A few Ft

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Leptophlebiidae

Generally CG. Facultative Sc and a few Ft

Baptista et al. (2006); Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Melanemerellidae

Sh


Molineri & Dominguez (2003)

 

Nesameletidae

Sc

Hawking et al. (2013)

 

Oligoneuriidae

Generally Ft

Baptista et al. (2006); Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Oniscigastridae

CG

Hawking et al. (2013)

 

Polymitarciidae

CG, Ft

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Siphloneuridae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

Odonata

 

 

 

Amphipterygidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Calopterygidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Coenagrionidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Dicteriadidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Megapodagrionidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Lestidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Perilestidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Polythoridae

Pr

Chará et al. (2012)

 

Platystictidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Protoneuridae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Pseudostigmatidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Synlestidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Aeshnidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Austropetaliidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Cordulegastridae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Corduliidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Gomphidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Libellulidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Macromiidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Neopetaliidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Petaluridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

Plecoptera

 

 

 

Austroperlidae

Sh

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Diamphipnoidae

Sc, Sh (Diamphipnoa Sc, Diamphipnopsis Sh)

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Eustheniidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Gripopterygidae

Sc, Sh, CG

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Notonemouridae

Sc

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Perlidae

Pr (early stages Dt)

Merritt et al. (2008)

Blattodea

Unknown

 

Hemiptera

 

 

 

Belostomatidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Corixidae

Generally Pc-Hb, some Pr or Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Gelastocoridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Gerridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Hebridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Helotrephidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Hydrometridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Leptopodidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Macroveliidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Mesoveliidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Naucoridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Nepidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Notonectidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Ochteridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Pleidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Potamocoridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Saldidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Veliidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

Trichoptera

 

 

 

Anomalopsychidae

Sc

Jardim & Nessimian (2011)

 

Atriplectididae

Pr

Malicky (1997)

 

Beraeidae

Probably CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Calamoceratidae

Generally Sh-Dt and Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ecnomidae

Ft?

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Glosossomatidae

Generally obligate Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Helicopsychidae

Obligate Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Helicophidae

CG, Sh

Wiggins (2004)

 

Hydrobiosidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Hydropsychidae

Generally Ft. Some Pr and seasonal Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Hydroptilidae

Generally Pc-Hb, Sc, CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Kokiriidae

Pr

Hawking et al. (2013)

 

Lepidostomatidae

Obligate Sh-Dt

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Leptoceridae

CG and Ft, Sh-Hb, Sc, Pr                                      (Oecetis Pr, Facultative Sh-Hb. Nectopsyche Sh-Hb, CG)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Limnephilidae

Generally Sh-Dt, Facultative Sh, Facultative CG, some Sh-Hb.

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Odontoceridae

Generally Sh

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Philopotamidae

Generally obligate Ft

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Philorheithridae

Pr

Wiggins (2004)

 

Polycentropodidae

Generally Ft. Some facultative Pr.               Cernotina and Polycentropus Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Sericostomatidae

Generally Sh

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Stenopsychidae

Unknown

 

 

Tasimiidae

Sc

Wiggins (2004)

 

Xiphocentronidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

Lepidoptera

 

 

 

Crambidae

Generally Sh-Hb                                                   (Petrophila Sc, Facultative Sh-Hb, Neargyractis Sh-Hb)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Noctuidae

Sh-Hb

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Tortricidae

Sh-Hb

Merritt et al. (2008)

Megaloptera

 

 

 

Corydalidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Sialidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

Neuroptera

 

 

 

Osmylidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Sisyridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

Mecoptera

 

 

 

 

Nannochoristidae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

Coleoptera

 

 

 

Chrysomelidae

Sh-Hb (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Curculionidae

Sh-Hb (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Gyrinidae

Generally Pr (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Noteridae

Pr, CG (L). Pr (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Amphizoidae

Pr (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Dytiscidae

Generally Pr (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Dryopidae

Generally Sh-Hb (L). Generally Sc, Sh-Hb (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Elmidae

Generally CG, Sc, Sh-Hb (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Haliplidae

Generally Sh-Hb, Pc-Hb, some Pr (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Hydroscaphidae

Sc (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Hydrophilidae

Generally Pr (L). Generally CG (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Hydraenidae

Pr (L). Sc, CG (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Lampyridae

Pr

Domínguez & Fernández (2009)

 

Lepiceridae

Unknown

 

 

Limnichidae

Generally CG? (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Lutrochidae

Sh-Dt, Hb (L and A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Meruidae

Unknown

 

 

Ptilodactylidae

Generally Sh-Dt, Hb (L)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Psephenidae

Sc (L)  (Adult NonFeeding)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ptilidae

Sc (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Scirtidae

Generally Sc, CG, Sh-Hb, Pc-Hb (L)

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Staphylinidae

Pr, CG, Sh-Hb (A)

Merritt et al. (2008)

Diptera

 

 

 

Athericidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Blephariceridae

Generally Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ceratopogonidae

Generally Pr, some facultative CG and Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ceratopogoninae

Generally Pr, a few CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Forcipomyiinae

CG, Sc?

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Corethrellidae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Culicidae

Generally Ft and CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Chironomidae

CG and Ft, Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Chironominae

Generally CG, Ft

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Diamesinae

Generally CG, Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Orthocladiinae

Generally CG, Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Podonominae

CG, Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Tanypodinae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Chaoboridae

Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Deuterophlebiidae

Obligate Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Dixidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Dolichopodidae

Generally Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Empididae

Generally Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ephydridae

Generally CG, Sh-Hb, Sc, Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Muscidae

Generally Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Pelecorhynchidae

Pr, Sh-Hb?

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Psychodidae

Generally CG (Maruina Sc, CG )

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Ptychopteridae

Generally Obligate CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Sarcophagidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Simuliidae


Sciomyzidae

Generally Obligate Ft, some Sc, Pr and facultative CG

Generally Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)


Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Stratiomyidae

Generally CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Syrphidae

CG

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Tabanidae

Generally Pr

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Thaumaleidae

Sc

Merritt et al. (2008)

 

Tipulidae


Generally Sh-Dt, CG
(Hexatoma Pr, Limonia Sh-Hb, Tipula Obligate Sh-Dt, Facultative Sh-Hb and CG)

Merritt et al. (2008)